Transition metal alloying effect on the phosphoric acid adsorption strength of Pt nanoparticles: an experimental and density functional theory study
- Transition metal alloying effect on the phosphoric acid adsorption strength of Pt nanoparticles: an experimental and density functional theory study
- 함형철; 김형준; 장종현; 헨켄스마이어디억; 유성종; 김진영; 박희영; 임동희
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 7-7186-9
- The effect of alloying with transition metals (Ni, Co, Fe) on the adsorption strength of phosphoric acid on Pt alloy surfaces was investigated using electrochemical analysis and first-principles calculations. Cyclic voltammograms of carbon-supported Pt3M/C (M = Ni, Co, and Fe) electrocatalysts in 0.1 M HClO4 with and without 0.01 M H3PO4 revealed that the phosphoric acid adsorption charge density near the onset potential on the nanoparticle surfaces was decreased by alloying with transition metals in the order Co, Fe, Ni. First-principles calculations based on density functional theory confirmed that the adsorption strength of phosphoric acid was weakened by alloying with transition metals, in the same order as that observed in the electrochemical analysis. The simulation suggested that the weaker phosphoric acid adsorption can be attributed to a lowered density of states near the Fermi level due to alloying with transition metals.
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