The optical and crystalline structure properties of ZnO thin films grown by RF magnetron sputtering

Title
The optical and crystalline structure properties of ZnO thin films grown by RF magnetron sputtering
Authors
김경국박성주송종한정형진최원국
Keywords
ZnO; PL; sputtering; growth
Issue Date
1999-01
Publisher
Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings
Citation
VOL 560, 119-123
Abstract
ZnO thin films were epitaxially grown on A120 3 (0001) single crystalline substrate by RF magnetron sputtering. The films were grown at the substrate temperature of 550℃ and 600℃ for 1 h and at a power of 60-120 W. The crystalline structure of the ZnO films was analyzed by 4-circle X-ray diffraction and backscattering (BS)/channeling. The FWHM of XRD 0 -rocking curve increase from 9.45 to 18 arc-min. as the RF power increased from 80 to 120 W at 550℃. In-plane ZnO growth on sapphire.(0001) substrate at 5501C and at 80 W was found to be ZnO [1010] 1:A120 3[l 120], indicating a 300 rotation of ZnO unit cell about the sapphire (0001) substrate. For a specimen that was grown at an RF power of 120 W, 550℃, 1 h, the FWHM of XRD 0 -rocking curve was 7.79 arc-min. In BS/channeling studies, the films deposited at 120 W, 600 ℃ showed good crystallinity with the channeling yield minimum (Xmin) of only 5%, but for films deposited at 550℃ the yield was as high as 50-60%, was of lower crystalline qualilty. From the results of the AFM measurement, the grain size gradually increased as the growing temperature and power increased. In case of the film deposited at 120 W and 600℃. the hexagonal shape of the grains were clearly observed. In PL measurement, only the sharp near band edge (NBE) emission were observed at room temperature for the film deposited at 80-120 W and 550 ℃,but the emission from deep level were also detected in the films deposited at 60 W, 550℃ and 120 W, 600℃. The FWFM was decreased from 133 meV to 89 meV as RF power increased from 80 to 120 W at 550℃, and that of film deposited at 120 W and 600℃showed 98 meV respectively. The results were somewhat opposite to those of XRD. In the present study, the relationship between optical properties and crystal structure is discussed in terms of the quality of grains and the defects.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/18436
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