Forced convection heat transfer during dendritic crystal growth: local solutions of Navier-Stokes equations
- Forced convection heat transfer during dendritic crystal growth: local solutions of Navier-Stokes equations
- 이윤우; WILLIAM N. GILL; Ramagopal Ananth
- convection; dendritic crystal growth; Navier-Stokes; Oseen flow
- Issue Date
- Chemical engineering communications
- VOL 116, NO 1, 193-200
- Numerical local solutions are obtained to the Navier-Stokes equations and energy equation for the region near the tip of a needle crystal growing in the presence of a forced flow in a melt of succinonitrile. The Navier-Stokes solution for P is essential identical with solutions using the Oseen viscous flow and Stokes flow approximation if the fluid Peclet number (Pe) is less than about 2. However, as Pe is increased, the solutions of the Stokes and Oseen viscous flow approximation overpredict the crystal Peciet number (P). The forced convection solution can be approximated by a power law form such that P=1·26St 1·06 pe 0·20 for 0·1<Pe<2·0. These forced convection solutions predict that the controlling mode of heat transfer changes when the growth velocity of the crystal is about the same as the convective velocity.
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