Development of Autonomous Navigation Robot in Outdoor Road Environments
- Development of Autonomous Navigation Robot in Outdoor Road Environments
- 노치원; 강연식; 강성철
- autonomous navigation; curb detection; mobile robot; switching strategy; outdoor environment
- Issue Date
- 제어·로봇·시스템학회논문지 (Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems Engineering)
- VOL 15, NO 3, 293-299
- This paper discusses an autonomous navigation system for urban environments. For the localization of the robot, EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) algorithm is used with odometry, angle sensor, and DGPS (Differential Global Positioning System) measurement. Especially in an urban environment, DGPS is often blocked by buildings and trees and the resulting inaccurate positioning prevents the robot from safe and reliable navigation. In addition to the global information from DGPS, the local information of the curb on the roadway is used to track a route when the global DGPS information is inaccurate. For this purpose, curb detection algorithm is developed and implemented in the developed navigation algorithm. Four different types of navigation strategies are developed and they are switched to adapt to different localization conditions according to the availability of DGPS and the existence of the curbs on the roadway. The experimental results show that the designed switching strategy improves the navigation performance adapting to the environment conditions.
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