Electrochemical performance of calcium cobaltite nano-plates

Title
Electrochemical performance of calcium cobaltite nano-plates
Authors
김동완고영대박종성제해준손지원김주선
Keywords
Ca3Co4O9; Nano-plates; Nanocomposite; Li-ion batteries
Issue Date
2009-07
Publisher
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology
Citation
VOL 9, NO 7, 4056-4060
Abstract
The use of nanostructured materials in Li-ion batteries is desirable from the point of view of achieving enhanced performance, due to the shorter Li-ion diffusion distance and the small dimensional changes upon cycling. Herein, the nanocrystalline calcium cobaltite (Ca3Co4O9) powders were prepared by the Pechini process. The obtained nano-plate powders have a thickness of the order of 10–50 nm and a diameter of around 300 nm. We investigated the electrochemical properties of Ca3Co4O9 as a potential new anode material with high capacity for Li-ion batteries. In addition, the mechanism of Li reactivity was successfully explained using high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The full reduction of Ca3Co4O9 by lithium leads to the destruction of crystal structure and subsequent formation of a nanocomposite electrode containing Co, Li2O, CaO, and a polymeric layer. The inactive CaOmatr ix is expected to mitigate the aggregation of the Co nanoparticles on continued cycling, thereby improving the capacity retention.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/35565
ISSN
1533-4880
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KIST Publication > Article
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