The relationship between glucuronide conjugate levels and hepatotoxicity after oral administration of valproic acid

Title
The relationship between glucuronide conjugate levels and hepatotoxicity after oral administration of valproic acid
Authors
이민선이영주김보준신계정정봉철백두종정병화
Keywords
Valproic aicd (VPA); 4-ene VPA; 2,4-diene VPA; Hepatotoxicity; Glucuronidation; α-glutathione S-transferase (α-GST); GC-MS; Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
Issue Date
2009-08
Publisher
Archives of pharmacal research
Citation
VOL 32, NO 7, 1029-1035
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between hepatotoxicity, levels of glucuronide conjugates of valproic acid (VPA), and the toxic metabolites of VPA (4-ene VPA and 2,4- diene VPA). We also examined whether hepatotoxicity could be predicted by the urinary excretion levels of VPA and its toxic metabolites. VPA was administrated orally in rats in amounts ranging from 20 mg/kg to 500 mg/kg. Free and total (free plus glucuronide conjugated) VPA, 4- ene VPA, and 2,4-diene VPA were quantified in urine and liver using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and α-glutathione S-transferase (α-GST) were also determined to measure the level of hepatotoxicity. The serum α-GST level increased slightly at the 20 mg/kg dose, and substantially increased at the 100 and 500 mg/kg dose; aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels did not change with the administration of increasing doses of VPA. The liver concentration of free 4- ene VPA and the urinary excretion of total 4-ene VPA were the only measures that correlated with the increase in the serum α-GST level (p < 0.094 and p < 0.023 respectively). From these results, we conclude that hepatotoxicity of VPA correlates with liver concentration of 4-ene VPA and can be predicted by the urinary excretion of total 4-ene VPA.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/35710
ISSN
0253-6269
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KIST Publication > Article
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