Characterization of Surface-modified Ceria Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized Continuously in Supercritical Methanol

Title
Characterization of Surface-modified Ceria Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized Continuously in Supercritical Methanol
Authors
Bambang Veriansyah박현채김재덕민병권신영호이윤우김재훈
Keywords
supercritical fluids; nanoparticles; nanofluid; surface modification; Ceria oxide; Supercritical methanol; Dispersability
Issue Date
2009-08
Publisher
The Journal of supercritical fluids
Citation
VOL 50, 283-291
Abstract
Surface-modified ceria oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles were synthesized continuously in supercritical methanol at 400 ◦C, 30MPa and a residence time of ∼40 s using a flow type reactor system. Oleic acid and decanoic acid were used as the surface modifiers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the surface modifiers changed drastically the shape and size of the nanoparticles. When 0.3M of the surface modifiers were used, primary particles with diameter of 2–3nm loosely aggregated and formed secondary particles with size of 30–50 nm. Wide angle X-ray diffraction(WAXD) analysis revealed that the surface-modified nanoparticles retained CeO2 crystalline structure. The surface-modified CeO2 nanoparticles had a very high surface area (140–193m2/g) compared to the unmodified CeO2 particles synthesized in supercritical water (8.5m2/g). Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that aliphatic, carboxylate and hydroxyl groupswere chemically bounded on the surface of CeO2 nanoparticles. Dispersability test using ultraviolet transmittance showed that most of the surface-modified CeO2 nanoparticles were dispersed in ethylene glycol for 30 days while the unmodified CeO2 particles synthesized in supercriticalwater or in supercritical methanolwere precipitated after 7–15 days.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/35737
ISSN
0896-8446
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KIST Publication > Article
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