A Walking pattern generation method of humanoid robot MAHRU-R

Title
A Walking pattern generation method of humanoid robot MAHRU-R
Authors
홍석민오용환유범재오상록
Keywords
Walking pattern; Analytic; Polynomial; MAHRU-R; Humanoid robot; Walking pattern generation
Issue Date
2009-07
Publisher
Intelligent Service Robotics
Citation
VOL 2, NO 3, 161-171
Abstract
This paper proposes an omni-directional walking pattern generation method for a humanoid robotMAHRU-R. Towalk stably without falling down, a humanoid robot needs the walking pattern. Our previous walking pattern method generated the walking pattern with linear polynomials of the zero moment point (ZMP). It implemented the simple walking like forward/backward walking, side step walking and turning. However, this method was not sufficient to satisfy the various walking which is combined by forward/backward walking, side step walking and turning. We needed to upgrade thewalking pattern generation method to implement an omni-directional walking.We use the linear inverted pendulum model consisted of ZMP and center of mass in order to simplify the computation of walking pattern. The proposed method assumes that the state of the following stride is same to the state of the current stride. Using this assumption of walking pattern, the proposed method generates the stablewalking pattern for variouswalking. And the proposed scheme generates the ZMP trajectory with the quartic polynomials in order to reduce the fluctuation of ZMP trajectory by various walking. To implement the efficient walking pattern, this method proposes three walking modules: periodic step module, transient step module and steady step module. Each step module utilizes weighted least square method with future ZMP position information. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by simulations of various walking. And the proposed method is confirmed by the experiment of real humanoid robot MAHRU-R.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/36834
ISSN
1861-2776
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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