Continuous supercritical water gasification of isooctane: A promising reactor design

Title
Continuous supercritical water gasification of isooctane: A promising reactor design
Authors
수산티Bambang Veriansyah김재덕김재훈이윤우
Keywords
Hydrogen; Supercritical water gasification; Isooctane; Gasifier configuration
Issue Date
2010-03
Publisher
International journal of hydrogen energy
Citation
VOL 35, NO 5, 1957-1970
Abstract
A new design of supercritical water gasification system was developed to achieve high hydrogen gas yield and good gas–liquid flow stability. The apparatus consisted of a reaction zone, an insulation zone and a cooling zone that were directly connected to the reaction zone. The reactor was set up at an inclination of 75° from vertical position, and feed and water were introduced at the bottom of the reactor. The performances of this new system were investigated with gasification of isooctane at various experimental conditions – reaction temperatures of 601–676 °C, residence times of 6–33 s, isooctane concentrations of 5–33 wt%, and oxidant (hydrogen peroxide) concentrations up to 4507 mmol/L without using catalysts. A significant increase in hydrogen gas yield, almost four times higher than that from the previous up-down gasifier configuration (B. Veriansyah, J. Kim, J.D. Kim, Y.W. Lee, Hydrogen Production by Gasification of Isooctane using Supercritical Water, Int. J. Green Energy. 5 (2008) 322–333) was observed with the present gasifier configuration. High hydrogen gas yield (6.13 mol/mol isooctane) was obtained at high reaction temperature of 637 °C, a low feed concentration of 9.9 wt% and a long residence time of 18 s in the presence of 2701.1 mmol/L hydrogen peroxide. At this condition, the produced gases mainly consisted of hydrogen (59.5 mol%), methane (14.8 mol%) and carbon dioxide (22.0 mol%), and a small amount of carbon monoxide (1.6 mol%) and C2–C3 species (2.1 mol%). Reaction mechanisms of supercritical water gasification of isooctane were also presented.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37147
ISSN
0360-3199
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KIST Publication > Article
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