Adsorption Characterization of Cd by Coal Fly Ash Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
- Adsorption Characterization of Cd by Coal Fly Ash Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
- 안상우; 최재영; 차민환; 박재우
- Adsorption; Cadmium; Coal fly ash; Heavy metal; Response surface methodology; 흡착; 카드뮴; 반응표면분석법; 석탄회; 중금속
- Issue Date
- 한국지반환경공학회 논문집
- VOL 11, NO 1, 19-26
- The batch experiments and response surface methodology (RSM) have been applied to the investigation of the cadmium
(Cd) adsorption by coal fly ash (CFA). CFA having maximum Cd removal mass of 8.51 mg/g were calculated from Langmuir model.
Cd removal reaction with different initial pH ranged from 4 to 9. When the initial pH was higher, Cd was removed more by
adsorption and precipitation. These results suggest that the lower pH cause an increase of H+ ion concentration which competed with
Cd ions for exchange sites in CFA. Also, The Cd adsorption was mathematically described as a function of parameters initial Cd
concentration (X1), initial pH (X2), and initial CFA mass (X3) being modeled by use of the Box-Behnken methods. Empirical models
were developed to describe relationship between the experimental variables and response. Statistical analysis indicates that tree factors
(X1, X2, and X3) on the linear term (main effects), and tree factors (X1X2, X1X3, and X2X3) on the non-linear term (Interaction effect;
cross-product) had significant effects, respectively. In this case, the value of the adjusted determination coefficient (adjusted
R2=0.9280) was closed to 1, showing a high significance of the model. Statistical results showed the order of Cd removal at
experimental factors to be initial initial pH > initial Cd concentration > initial CFA mass.
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