Electrospun SnO2 nanofiber mats with thermo-compression step for gas sensing applications

Title
Electrospun SnO2 nanofiber mats with thermo-compression step for gas sensing applications
Authors
김일두전은경최승훈최덕균Harry L. Tuller
Keywords
Electrospinning; Sensor; SnO2; Nanofiber mats
Issue Date
2010-10
Publisher
Journal of electroceramics
Citation
VOL 25, NO 2-4, 159-167
Abstract
SnO2 nanofiber mats fabricated through electrospinning followed by thermo-compression and subsequent calcination steps exhibited unique morphologies facilitating efficient gas transport into the layers combined with high surface area (∼73.5 ㎡/g, measured by BET) and small grain size (∼5–15 nm), which are well suited for ultrasensitive gas detection. Single SnO2 nanofibers were found to have a belt-like structure of closely packed nanocrystallites, facilitating excellent adhesion to the substrate and good electrical contact to the electrodes. I–V measurements of single SnO2 nanofibers displayed ohmic behavior with electrical conductivity of 1.5 S/cm. Gas sensor prototypes comprising a random network of SnO2 fibers exhibited high sensitivity when exposed to NO2 at 225°C and CO at 300°C. A detection limit of 150 ppb NO2 at 185°C was estimated by extrapolating the sensitivity results obtained on exposure to higher gas concentrations, demonstrating potential of achieving ultra-sensitive gas detection at low operating temperatures enabled by the present synthesis method.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37327
ISSN
1385-3449
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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