Selective T-type calcium channel block in thalamic neurons reveals channel redundancy and physiological impact of IT window

Selective T-type calcium channel block in thalamic neurons reveals channel redundancy and physiological impact of IT window
Fanny M. DreyfusAnne TscherterAdam C. ErringtonJohn Renger신희섭Victor UebeleVincenzo CrunelliRegis C. LamberNathalie Leresche
Issue Date
Journal of neuroscience
VOL 30, NO 1, 99-109
Although it is well established that low-voltage-activated T-type Ca2+ channels play a key role in many neurophysiological functions and pathological states, the lack of selective and potent antagonists has so far hampered a detailed analysis of the full impact these channels might have on single-cell and neuronal network excitability as well as on Ca2+ homeostasis. Recently, a novel series of piperidine-based molecules has been shown to selectively block recombinant T-type but not high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels and to affect a number of physiological and pathological T-type channel-dependent behaviors. Here we directly show that one of these compounds, 3,5-dichloro-N-[1-(2,2-dimethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-benzamide (TTA-P2), exerts a specific, potent (IC50 = 22 nM), and reversible inhibition of T-type Ca2+ currents of thalamocortical and reticular thalamic neurons, without any action on HVA Ca2+ currents, Na+ currents, action potentials, and glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptic currents. Thus, under current-clamp conditions, the low-threshold Ca2+ potential (LTCP)-dependent high-frequency burst firing of thalamic neurons is abolished by TTA-P2, whereas tonic firing remains unaltered. Using TTA-P2, we provide the first direct demonstration of the presence of a window component of Ca2+ channels in neurons and its contribution to the resting membrane potential of thalamic neurons and to the Up state of their intrinsically generated slow (<1 Hz) oscillation. Moreover, we demonstrate that activation of only a small fraction of the T-type channel population is required to generate robust LTCPs, suggesting that LTCP-driven bursts of action potentials can be evoked at depolarized potentials where the vast majority of T-type channels are inactivated.
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