Effect of Surface Segregation on the Methanol Oxidation Reaction in Carbon-Supported Pt-Ru Alloy Nanoparticles

Title
Effect of Surface Segregation on the Methanol Oxidation Reaction in Carbon-Supported Pt-Ru Alloy Nanoparticles
Authors
전태열이국승유성종조용훈강순형성영은
Keywords
PtRu alloy; DMFC; Segregation; Methanol oxidation
Issue Date
2010-04
Publisher
Langmuir
Citation
VOL 26, NO 11, 9123-9129
Abstract
Ru and Pt-Ru (Pt:Ru=1:1) nanoparticles supported on carbon black were prepared by the borohydride reduction method using oleylamine as a stabilizer in an anhydrous ethanol solvent. We investigated the effect of Pt segregation to the surface of alloy nanoparticles on the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). As-prepared Pt1Ru1/C showed a narrow size distribution and a relatively uniform particle distribution on a carbon support. However, its electrocatalytic activity toward theMORwas poor due to the high surface concentration of Ru. As duration time of heat treatment at 200 ℃ was increased up to 2 h, the surface composition of Pt atoms was increased without significant particle growth due to thermally induced segregation of Pt atoms, which were revealed by TEM images, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, changes in the potentials of zero total charge (pztc), and increase in the oxidation charge of “reduced CO2”. In particular, from the combination ofCOadlayer oxidation and “reduced CO2” oxidation charges, the increased surface concentration of Pt of alloy catalysts was relatively quantified when compared to its as-prepared state. Cyclic voltammograms in 0.1 M HClO4 solution with 0.5 M methanol showed that Pt1Ru1/C annealed for 2 h at 200 ℃ in a flow of mixture gas of Ar and H2 (5 vol %) had a less positive onset potential for the MOR. These results demonstrate a definitive contribution from segregation of Pt atoms to the MOR activity.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37679
ISSN
0743-7463
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KIST Publication > Article
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