Influence of water vapor on performance of co-planar single chamber solid oxide fuel cells

Title
Influence of water vapor on performance of co-planar single chamber solid oxide fuel cells
Authors
이대희안성진김주선문주호
Keywords
Single chamber; SOFC; Reaction Mechanism; Single chamber solid oxide fuel cell; Water vapor; Impedance analysis
Issue Date
2010-10
Publisher
Journal of power sources
Citation
VOL 195, NO 19, 6504-6569
Abstract
Influences of feeding gas compositions on the performance of co-planar, single chamber solid oxide fuel cells (SC-SOFCs) are investigated with emphasis on the role of water vapor. The maximum open circuit voltage (OCV) and peak power density are obtained at a methane-to-oxygen ratio of 3.5 under the wet gas condition, and a stoichiometric ratio of 2.0 for methane partial oxidation under the dry gas condition. In addition to the partial oxidation of methane on the anode and electrocatalytic reactions, both steam reforming and methane combustion occur on the anode and cathode, respectively, in the presence of water vapor. Local volume expansion and a rise in temperature associated with these parasitic reactions intensify inter-mixing of the reactant and product gases by which the OCV and power density drastically deteriorate with decreasing anode-to-cathode gap distance, as confirmed by impedance analysis for the LSM-YSZ; YSZ; LSM-YSZ symmetrical cell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37837
ISSN
0378-7753
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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