Geometric Parameter Effects on Ensemble Contributions to Catalysis: H2O2 Formation from H2 and O2 on AuPd Alloys. A first Principles Study

Title
Geometric Parameter Effects on Ensemble Contributions to Catalysis: H2O2 Formation from H2 and O2 on AuPd Alloys. A first Principles Study
Authors
함형철황경순한종희남석우임태훈
Keywords
Geometric parameter effect; ensemble; AuPd alloy catalyst; H2O2 formation
Issue Date
2010-09
Publisher
The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces.
Citation
VOL 114, NO 35, 14922-14928
Abstract
Using first principles calculations, we examine how the ensemble effect on the performance of bimetallic catalysts is affected by the change of surface electronic structure associated with their geometric parameters. We look at H2O2 formation from H2 and O2 based on three different Pd monomer systems including AuPd adlayers with a Pd monomer each on Pd(111) [AuPdM/Pd(111)] and Au(111) [AuPdM/Au(111)] and a 55- atom cluster with Au41Pd shell and Pd13 core [Au41Pd@Pd13]. Our calculations show that H2O2 selectivity tends to be significantly deteriorated in the Au41Pd@Pd13 and AuPdM/Au(111) cases, as compared to the AuPdM/Pd(111) case. This is largely due to enhancement of the activity of corresponding surface Pd and its Au neighbors, while isolated Pd surface sites surrounded by less active Au are responsible for the H2O2 formation by suppressing O-O cleavage. This study highlights that ensemble contributions in multimetallic nanocatalysts can be a strong function of their geometric conditions, particularly local strain and effective atomic coordination number at the surface, that are directly related to surface electronic states.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37925
ISSN
1932-7447
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KIST Publication > Article
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