Formation of Nanoporous TiO2 Thin Films on Si by Anodic Oxidation

Title
Formation of Nanoporous TiO2 Thin Films on Si by Anodic Oxidation
Authors
윤여준김도홍장호원
Keywords
나노다공성 TiO2; 양극산화; 나노튜브; TiO2; Anodic oxidation; Nanotube; Nanoporous
Issue Date
2010-08
Publisher
전기전자재료학회논문지 (Journal of KIEEME)
Citation
VOL 23, NO 8, 655-659
Abstract
Nanoporous titanium dioxide (TiO2) is very attractive material for various applications due to the high surface to volume ratio. In this study, we have fabricated nanoporous TiO2 thin films on Si by anodic oxidation. 500-nm-thick titanium (Ti) films were deposited on Si by using electron beam evaporation. Nanoporous structures in the Ti films were obtained by anodic oxidization using ethylene glycol electrolytes containing 0.3 wt% NH4F and 2 vol% H2O under an applied bias of 5 V. The diameter of nanopores in the Ti films linearly increased with anodization time and the whole Ti layer could become nanoporous after anodizing for 3 hours, resulting in vertically aligned nanotubes with the length of 200~ 300 nm and the diameter of 50~80 nm. Upon annealing at 600℃ in air, the anodized Ti films were fully crystallized to TiO2 of rutile and anatase phases. We believe that our method to fabricate nanoporous TiO2 films on Si is promising for applications to thin-film gas sensors and thin-film photovoltaics.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37927
ISSN
1226-7945
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KIST Publication > Article
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