Electrokinetic Separation of Heavy Metals from Wastewater Treatment Sludge

Title
Electrokinetic Separation of Heavy Metals from Wastewater Treatment Sludge
Authors
Seon-Young ParkGeun-Yong ParkDo-Hyung Kim양중석Kitae Baek
Keywords
chelating ability; electrokinetic separation; processing fluid; sludge
Issue Date
2010-08
Publisher
Separation science and technology
Citation
VOL 45, NO 12-13, 1982-1987
Abstract
In the study, a preliminary experiment on the removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater sludge was carried out to evaluate the feasibility of electrokinetic separation. Four different types of processing fluid—tap water, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), citric acid (CA), and 0.1M nitric acid—were tested. EDTA was found to be the most effective agent within the set of chemicals tested for removing heavy metals from sludge because of its strong chelating ability with metals. The removal efficiency of Pb and Cu was higher than that of Zn and Ni for all fluids. In tap water, EDTA, and CA, the metals moved toward the anode, implying that they existed as complexes with EDTA and CA or organic matter in the processing fluid. In nitric acid, the metals moved toward the cathode because nitric acid effectively desorbed the metal from the sludge; however, the removal efficiency was very low. The results indicated that electrokinetic technology effectively separated Cu and Pb, but not Zn and Ni.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/37934
ISSN
1520-5754
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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