Bioresorbable elastomeric vascular tissue engineering scaffolds via melt spinning and electrospinning

Bioresorbable elastomeric vascular tissue engineering scaffolds via melt spinning and electrospinning
정상원Nilesh P. IngleGerardo A. Montero김수현Martin W. King
Tissue engineering scaffolds; Elastomeric PLCL; Melt spinning; Electrospinning
Issue Date
Acta Biomaterialia
VOL 6, 1958-1967
Current surgical therapy for diseased vessels less than 6 mm in diameter involves bypass grafting with autologous arteries or veins. Although this surgical practice is common, it has significant limitations and complications, such as occlusion, intimal hyperplasia and compliance mismatch. As a result, cardiovascular biomaterials research has been motivated to develop tissue-engineered blood vessel substitutes. In this study, vascular tissue engineering scaffolds were fabricated using two different approaches, namely melt spinning and electrospinning. Small diameter tubes were fabricated from an elastomeric bioresorbable 50:50 poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) copolymer having dimensions of 5 mm in diameter and porosity of over 75%. Scaffolds electrospun from two different solvents, acetone and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol were compared in terms of their morphology, mechanical properties and cell viability. Overall, the mechanical properties of the prototype tubes exceeded the transverse tensile values of natural arteries of similar caliber. In addition to spinning the polymer separately into melt-spun and electrospun constructs, the approach in this study has successfully demonstrated that these twotechniques can be combined to produce double-layered tubular scaffolds containing both melt-spun macrofibers (<200㎛ in diameter) and electrospun submicron fibers (>400 nm in diameter). Since the vascular wall has a complex multilayered architecture and unique mechanical properties, there remain several significant challenges before a successful tissue-engineered artery is achieved.
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