The effects of antecedent dry days on the nitrogen removal in layered soil infiltration systems for storm run-off control

Title
The effects of antecedent dry days on the nitrogen removal in layered soil infiltration systems for storm run-off control
Authors
조강우윤민혁송경근안규홍
Keywords
antecedent dry days; soil infiltration; ammonium; nitrate; stormwater
Issue Date
2011-05
Publisher
Environmental technology
Citation
VOL 32, NO 7, 747-755
Abstract
The effects of antecedent dry days (ADD) on nitrogen removal efficiency were investigated in soil infiltration systems, with three distinguishable layers: mulch layer (ML), coarse soil layer (CSL) and fine soil layer (FSL). Two sets of lab-scale columns with loamy CSL (C1) and sandy CSL (C2) were dosed with synthetic run-off, carrying chemical oxygen demand of 100 mg L−1and total nitrogen of 13 mg L−1. The intermittent dosing cycle was stepwise adjusted for 5,10 and 20 days. The influent ammonium and organic nitrogen were adsorbed to the entire depth in C1, while dominantly to the FSL in C2. In both columns, the effluent ammonium concentration increased while the organic nitrogen concentration decreased, as ADD increased from 5 to 20 days. The effluent of C1 always showed nitrate concentration exceeding influent, caused by nitrification, by increasing amounts as ADD increased. However, the wash-out of nitrate in C1 was not distinct in terms of mass since the effluent flow rate was only 25% of the influent. In contrast, efficient reduction (>95%) of nitrate loading was observed in C2 under ADD of 5 and 10 days, because of insignificant nitrification in the CSL and denitrification in the FSL. However, for the ADD of 20 days, a significant nitrate wash-out appeared in C2 as well, possibly because of the re-aeration by the decreasing water content in the FSL. Consequently, the total nitrogen load escaping with the effluent was always smaller in C2, supporting the effectiveness of sandy CSL over loamy FSL for nitrogen removal under various ADDs.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/38445
ISSN
0959-3330
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KIST Publication > Article
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