Multilayered Pt/Ru nanorods with controllable bimetallic sites as methanol oxidation catalysts

Title
Multilayered Pt/Ru nanorods with controllable bimetallic sites as methanol oxidation catalysts
Authors
유성종전태열김경식임태훈성영은
Keywords
DMFC; Pt/Ru nanorods; oblique angle deposition; controllable bimetallic sites
Issue Date
2010-12
Publisher
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
Citation
VOL 12, NO 46, 15240-15246
Abstract
A physical synthesis of multilayered Pt/Ru nanorods with controllable bimetallic sites as methanol oxidation catalysts is reported for the first time. The novel nanorods were synthesized via the oblique angle deposition method, deposited prior to the formation of each individual noble metal layer, in a sequential fashion. It has been shown that the oblique angle deposition controls the morphology and electrochemical properties of the resultant nanostructures. Sequentially the multilayered nanorods comprising Pt and Ru segments exhibited superior electrocatalytic activity when compared to equivalent monometallic Pt nanorods with respect to methanol electrooxidation reaction in an acidic medium. Moreover, it has been established that the electrochemical process takes place at the Pt/Ru nanorods followed the bifunctional mechanism. The relative rates of reaction, recorded using chronoamperometry, show a linear relationship between the long-time current density and the number of Pt/Ru interfaces. Interestingly, the best catalyst for methanol oxidation was found to the surface of bimetallic Pt/Ru nanorods produced by the heat treatments via the so-called electronic effect. This reflects the fact that the ensemble effects of combined bifunctional and electronic effects via second elements could be expected in methanol oxidation reactions. Electrocatalytic activities correlate well with bimetallic pair sites and electronic properties analyzed by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near-edge structure.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/38558
ISSN
1463-9076
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KIST Publication > Article
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