Use of fluorescent silica particles for checking the integrity of microfiltration membranes

Title
Use of fluorescent silica particles for checking the integrity of microfiltration membranes
Authors
최수훈양주희서창원조진우
Keywords
Membrane; Integrity test; Fluorescent silica particles; Surrogate; Dimensional analysis; Image analysis
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
Journal of membrane science
Citation
VOL 367, NO 1-2, 306-313
Abstract
In this study, a new approach utilizing silica-based fluorescent particles as a surrogate for checking the integrity of microfiltration membranes was systematically investigated. The fluorescent particles were synthesized as spheres with diameters of 0.5–0.7 ㎛ and used to test the integrity of microfiltration membranes with nominal pore sizes of 0.25 ㎛. The fluorescent particles only flowed through the damaged parts of membranes. The permeates were then collected and filtered through a GF/C filter to collect the outflow particles. The collected particles were placed under a UV lamp, and the fluorescence was photographed with a digital camera. The mass of the outflow particles was estimated by analyzing the images of the fluorescence pictures. To estimate the size of damage on the membrane surface, the functional relationship between the damaged area of the membrane and the mass of fluorescent outflow particles was established using a dimensional analysis. In addition, the dead-end filtration results show that at particle concentrations >10 mg/L, the flux decline was approximately 10% even then the particle concentration was increased to 100 mg/L. The cake resistance caused by particle deposition increased the total membrane resistance only by 10% in long-term filtration. Therefore, the synthesized fluorescent silica particles are a suitable surrogate for membrane integrity tests.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/38860
ISSN
0376-7388
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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