Determination of charge transfer resistance and capacitance of microbial fuel cell through a transient response analysis of cell voltage

Title
Determination of charge transfer resistance and capacitance of microbial fuel cell through a transient response analysis of cell voltage
Authors
Phuc Thi HaHyunsoo Moon김병홍How Yong NgIn Seop Chang
Keywords
Microbial fuel cell; Transient response analysis; Charge transfer resistance; Double-layer capacitance
Issue Date
2010-03
Publisher
Biosensors and bioelectronics
Citation
VOL 25, NO 7, 1629-1634
Abstract
An alternative method for determining the charge transfer resistance and double-layer capacitance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs), easily implemented without a potentiostat, was developed. A dynamic model with two parameters, the charge transfer resistance and double-layer capacitance of electrodes, was derived from a linear differential equation to depict the current generation with respect to activation overvoltage. This model was then used to fit the transient cell voltage response to the current step change during the continuous operation of a flat-plate typeMFCfed with acetate. Variations of the charge transfer resistance and the capacitance value with respect to the MFC design conditions (biocatalyst existence and electrode area) and operating parameters (acetate concentration and buffer strength in the catholyte) were then determined to elucidate the validity of the proposed method. This model was able to describe the dynamic behavior of the MFC during current change in the activation loss region; having an R2 value of over 0.99 in most tests. Variations of the charge transfer resistance value (thousands ofΩ) according to the change of the design factors and operational factors were well-correlated with the corresponding MFC performances. However, though the capacitance values (∼0.02 F) reflected the expected trend according to the electrode area change and catalyst property, they did not show significant variation with changes in either the acetate concentration or buffer strength.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/39400
ISSN
0956-5663
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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