A Comparative study for gas-phase dehydration of glycerol over H-zeolites

Title
A Comparative study for gas-phase dehydration of glycerol over H-zeolites
Authors
정광덕김용태박은덕
Keywords
Glycerol; dehydration; zeolite; Acrolein; H-zeolites; Acidity
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
Applied catalysis A, General
Citation
VOL 393, NO 1-2, 275-287
Abstract
The gas-phase dehydration of glycerol was conducted over various H-zeolites, viz. H-ferrierite, H-β, H-ZSM-5, H-Y and H-mordenite with various SiO2/Al2O3 ratios. For comparison, γ-Al2O3 and silica-alumina were also examined. Several characterization techniques: X-ray diffraction (XRD), the temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD), the temperature-programmed desorption of water (H2O-TPD), temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) with mass spectroscopy and CHNS analysis were employed to characterize the catalysts. The initial glycerol conversion at 315 °C decreased in the following order: silica-alumina > H-β (25) > H-β (27) > γ-Al2O3 > H-mordenite (20) > H-ferrierite (55) > H-ferrierite (20) > H-ZSM-5 (23) ~ H-β (350) > H-β (38) ~ H-Y (5.1). H-ferrierite (55) showed the highest selectivity to acrolein at 315 °C among the tested catalysts. The glycerol conversion over the solid acid catalysts was strongly dependent on their external surface area. In the case of the H-zeolites, most of the micropores were filled with carbon sources at the initial stage of this reaction. As long as the molar ratio between water and glycerol was in the range from 2 to 11, there was only a small change in the glycerol conversion, while the acrolein selectivity increased noticeably with increasing water content in the feed. The glycerol conversion and acrolein selectivity increased with increasing reaction temperature from 290 °C to 340 °C over H-ferrierite (55). The glycerol conversion and acrolein selectivity also increased with increasing contact time (W/Fglycerol) which is defined as the ratio between the catalyst's weight (W) and the molar flow rate of glycerol (Fglycerol).
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/39428
ISSN
0926-860X
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KIST Publication > Article
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