A numerical study on uniform cooling of large-scale PEMFCs with different coolant flow field designs

Title
A numerical study on uniform cooling of large-scale PEMFCs with different coolant flow field designs
Authors
백승만류승호남진현김찬중
Keywords
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells; Cooling plate; Flow field design; Temperature uniformity; Parallel Serpentine flow field; Multi-pass serpentine flow field
Issue Date
2011-06
Publisher
Applied thermal engineering
Citation
VOL 31, 1427-1434
Abstract
A uniform temperature distribution is important to obtain better control and higher performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). In PEMFCs, more than half of the chemical energy of hydrogen is converted into heat during the electrochemical generation of electricity. If not being properly exhausted, this reaction heat overheats the PEMFCs and thus impairs their performance and durability. In general, large-scale PEMFCs are cooled by liquid water that circulates through coolant flow channels in bipolar plates or in dedicated cooling plates. In this study, detailed fluid flow and heat transfer in largescale cooling plates with 18 cm 18 cm square area was simulated using a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Based on the CFD simulations, the performances of six different coolant flow field designs were assessed in terms of the maximum temperature, temperature uniformity, and pressure drop characteristics. The results demonstrated that multi-pass serpentine flow field (MPSFF) designs could significantly improve the uniformity of temperature distribution in a cooling plate compared with the conventional serpentine flow field designs, while maintaining the coolant pressure drop similar.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/39500
ISSN
1359-4311
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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