Development of a Low-Noise Amplifier System for Nerve Cuff Electrodes

Title
Development of a Low-Noise Amplifier System for Nerve Cuff Electrodes
Authors
송강일추준욱서준교최귀원유선국윤인찬
Keywords
Peripheral nerve signal; Nerve cuff electrode; Low-noise amplifier; Sciatic nerve
Issue Date
2011-03
Publisher
의공학회지; Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Citation
VOL 32, NO 1, 45-54
Abstract
Cuff electrodes have a benefit for chronic electroneurogram(ENG) recording while minimizing nerve damage. However, the ENG signals are usually contaminated by electromyogram(EMG) activity from the surrounding muscle, the thermal noise generated within the source resistance, and the electric noise generated primarily at the first stage of the amplifier. This paper proposes a new cuff electrode to reduce the interference of EMG signals. An additional middle electrode was placed at the center of cuff electrode. As a result, the proposed cuff electrode achieved a higher signal-to-interference ratio compared to the conventional tripolar cuff. The cuff electrode was then assembled together with closure, headstage, and hermetic case including electronic circuits. This paper also presents a low– noise amplifier system to improve signal-to-noise ratio. The circuit was designed based on the noise analysis to minimize the electronic noise. The result shows that the total noise of the amplifier was below 1 μVrms for a cuff impedance of 1 kΩ, and the common-mode rejection ratio was 115 dB at 1 kHz. In the current study, the performance of nerve cuff electrode system was evaluated by monitoring afferent nerve signals under mechanical stimuli in a rat animal model.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/39673
ISSN
1229-0807
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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