Genipin Protects Lipopolysaccharide-induced Apoptotic Liver Damage in D-galactosamine-sensitized Mice

Title
Genipin Protects Lipopolysaccharide-induced Apoptotic Liver Damage in D-galactosamine-sensitized Mice
Authors
김석주김준기이동웅곽종환이선미
Keywords
Genipin; Galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide; Apoptosis; Fulminant hepatic failure
Issue Date
2010-05
Publisher
European journal of pharmacology
Citation
VOL 635, 188-193
Abstract
This study examined the effects of genipin, isolated from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, on D-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hepatic apoptosis and liver failure. Mice were given an intraperitoneal injection of genipin (25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) 1 h before GalN (700 mg/kg)/LPS (10 μg/kg) administration. The survival rate of the genipin group was significantly higher than that of the control. Genipin markedly reduced the increases in serum aminotransferase activities and lipid peroxidation. The glutathione content decreased in GalN/LPS group, and this decrease was attenuated by genipin. Increases in serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), which were observed in GalN/LPS-treated mice, were significantly reduced by genipin. Genipin attenuated the GalN/LPS-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes, as estimated by the caspase-3 and -8 activity assay, TNF-R1 associated death domain (TRADD) protein measurement and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) method. Moreover, increased cytosolic cytochrome c protein was reduced by genipin. After 3 h of GalN/LPS injection, nuclear phosphorylated c-Jun (p-c-Jun) level was significantly increased, whereas it was attenuated by genipin. Also, the increased nuclear level of nuclear factor-κB and the decreased cytosolic level of IκB-α protein were significantly attenuated by genipin. Our results suggest that genipin offers marked hepatoprotection against damage induced by GalN/LPS related with its antioxidative, anti-apoptotic activities, and inhibition of NF-κB nuclear translocation and nuclear p-c-Jun expression.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/40150
ISSN
0014-2999
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KIST Publication > Article
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