Influence of mixed-surfactant on reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene by zero-valent iron
- Influence of mixed-surfactant on reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene by zero-valent iron
- 신민철; 양중석; 박근용; 백기태
- Dechlorination; Mixed Surfactant; Reductive Rate Constant; Trichloroethylene; Zero-valent Iron
- Issue Date
- The Korean journal of chemical engineering
- VOL 28, NO 4, 1047-1053
- Mixed nonionic and cationic surfactants were used to enhance the reductive dechlorination rate of trichloroethylene
(TCE) with zero valent iron (ZVI). Among tested combinations of four cationic and three nonionic surfactants,
a mixed surfactant system of hexadecyl-trimethyl ammonium (CTAB) and Brij30 at a mixing ratio of 1 : 1 with 0.5
critical micelle concentration (CMC) exhibited the highest reaction rate constant, 0.0269 h−1; the dechlorination rate
constant of TCE with ZVI in the absence of surfactant was 0.0206 h−1. The effect of this mixed surfactant on the reductive
dechlorination of TCE was investigated using ZVI in a column to simulate field conditions. Unlike batch tests, column
tests of the mixed surfactant system exhibited higher and lower TCE removal as compared to a nonionic and a cationic
surfactant system, respectively. Consequently, if surfactants are applied for surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation
(SEAR), the performance of a permeable reactive barrier (PRB) system using ZVI to remove the residual TCE in groundwater
might be affected by surfactant types; thus, the application should be carefully considered.
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