A derivative of 2-aminothiazole inhibits melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells via glycogen synthase kinase 3β phosphorylation

Title
A derivative of 2-aminothiazole inhibits melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells via glycogen synthase kinase 3β phosphorylation
Authors
김수연한호규남기달박경찬윤혜영백광진권년수김동석
Keywords
tyrosinase; 2-aminothiazole; melanoma cell; GSK-3b; KHG25855; α-melanocyte stimulating hormone; glycogen synthase kinase 3β; melanogenesis
Issue Date
2011-08
Publisher
Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology
Citation
VOL 63, NO 8, 1031-1036
Abstract
Objectives We have investigated whether KHG25855 (2-cyclohexylamino-1,3-thiazole hydrochloride) affected melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells, and the mechanisms involved. Methods Melanin content and tyrosinase activity were measured using an ELISA reader after cells were treated with KHG25855. KHG25855-induced signalling pathways were examined using Western blot analysis. Key findings KHG25855 decreased melanin production in a dose-dependent fashion, but KHG25855 did not directly inhibit tyrosinase, the rate-limiting melanogenic enzyme. The expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor, tyrosinase, and the related signal transduction pathways were also investigated. The effects of KHG25855 on the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and cAMP response element binding protein signalling pathways were determined, and KHG25855 was shown to have no effect on these signalling pathways. The Wnt signalling pathway is also deeply involved in melanogenesis, and so glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) phosphorylation was assessed after KHG25855 treatment; KHG25855 caused GSK3β phosphorylation (inactivation), but the level of β-catenin was not changed by KHG25855. Furthermore, a-melanocyte stimulating hormone-induced tyrosinase expression was downregulated by KHG25855. Conclusions We propose that KHG25855 showed hypopigmentary activity through tyrosinase downregulation via GSK3β phosphorylation.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/40493
ISSN
0022-3573
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KIST Publication > Article
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