Genotoxicity of Nano-silica in Mammalian Cell Lines

Genotoxicity of Nano-silica in Mammalian Cell Lines
최한샘Youn-Jung Kim송미송미경류재천
Nanoparticle; Nano-silica; Comet assay; Mouse lymphoma assay (MLA); Cytotoxicity; Genotoxicity
Issue Date
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences,
VOL 3, NO 1, 7-13
Nanomaterials are defined by the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative as materials that have at least one dimension in the 1- to 100-nm range. Due to their unique physical and chemical characteristics, nanotechnology has become one of the leading technologies over the past 10 years. This study represents data on genotoxic effects of nanoparticles and their application for assessing human health risks. Silica (SiO2) is a multi-functional ceramic material that is being used in various industries to improve surfaces and mechanical properties of diverse materials, such as paints and coatings, plastics, synthetic rubber, adhesives, sealants, or insulation materials. However, recent studies have shown that nano-sized silica (nano-silica) (10 nm in diameter) can generate adverse effects, like liver injury and inflammation. The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of nano-silica were investigated using the dye exclusion assay, comet assay, and mouse lymphoma thymidine kinase (tk+/-) mouse lymphoma assay (MLA). IC20 of nano-silica in L5178Y cells was determined to be of 2,441.41 μg/mL and 2,363.28 μg/mL without and with S-9, respectively. Also IC20 of nano-silica in BEAS-2B cells was determined to be of 2,324.23 μg/mL and 537.11 μg/mL without and with S-9, respectively. In the comet assay, treating L5178Y cells and BEAS-2B cells with nanosilica treatment induced approximately 2-fold increases in tail moment (P⁄0.05) without and with S- 9. Also, the mutant frequencies in the nano-silica treated L5178Y cells were not significantly increased compared to the solvent controls. The results of this study indicate that nano-silica can cause primary DNA damage and cytotoxicity but not mutagenicity in cultured mammalian cells.
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