Enhanced cationic photocuring of epoxides with styrene oxide as a reactive diluent

Title
Enhanced cationic photocuring of epoxides with styrene oxide as a reactive diluent
Authors
안광덕김만호
Keywords
cationic photocuring; cationic photopolymerization; reactive diluent; Benzyl cation; Styrene oxide; Hybridization by photocuring
Issue Date
2012-03
Publisher
Progress in organic coatings
Citation
VOL 73, NO 2-3, 194-201
Abstract
Styrene oxide [StO] has been investigated as a reactive diluent for cationic photocurable formulations to provide key requirements such as low viscosity and negligible odor, in addition to high photoreactivity. The formulations were composed of commercial cyclic ethers including epoxides and oxetanes in StO using diaryliodonium salt as a photoinitiator, and they gave enhanced photocuring by analyzing with differential photocalorimetry. In particular, the cationic formulations composed of StO, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether, (3-glycidoxypropyl)trimethoxysilane and others rendered improved mechanical and thermal properties when their photocured coatings were examined. The gel content and pencil hardness values of photocured films were determined to evaluate the formulations. For the mechanistic explanation of the enhanced photoreactivity, the polymer-bound benzyl cations formed by a chain process in the polymer chains comprising StO moieties were postulated to serve as additional sites for the initiation of cationic photopolymerization of StO and cyclic ether monomers.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/40846
ISSN
0300-9440
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KIST Publication > Article
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