Injectable In Situ-Forming pH/Thermo-Sensitive Hydrogel for Bone Tissue Engineering
- Injectable In Situ-Forming pH/Thermo-Sensitive Hydrogel for Bone Tissue Engineering
- 김혜경; 심우선; 김성은; Kweon-Haeng Lee; 강은아; 김종호; 김광명; 권익찬; 이두성
- Issue Date
- Tissue engineering. Part A.
- VOL 15, NO 4, 923-933
- We developed a novel pH- and thermo-sensitive hydrogel as a scaffold for autologous bone tissue engineering. We synthesized this polymer by adding pH-sensitive sulfamethazine oligomers (SMOs) to both ends of a thermo-sensitive poly(-caprolactone-co-lactide)–poly(ethylene glycol)–poly(-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA-PEG-PCLA) block copolymer, yielding a pH/thermo-sensitive SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO block copolymer. The synthesized block copolymer solution rapidly formed a stable gel under physiological conditions (pH 7.4 and 37°C), whereas it formed a sol at pH 8.0 and 37°C, making it injectable. This pH/thermo-sensitive hydrogel exhibited high biocompatibility in a Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium extract test. Under physiological conditions, the hydrogel easily encapsulated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), with encapsulating efficiencies of about 90% and 85%, respectively. To assay for ectopic bone formation in vivo, we subcutaneously injected a polymer solution containing hMSCs and rhBMP-2 into the back of mice, after which we could observe hMSC differentiation for up to 7 weeks. Histological studies revealed mineralized tissue formation and high levels of alkaline phosphatase activity in the mineralized tissue. Therefore, this pH/thermo-sensitive SMO-PCLA-PEG-PCLA-SMO block copolymer demonstrated potential as an injectable scaffold for bone tissue engineering, with in situ formation capabilities.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.