Epitaxial growth of Fe and MgO layers on GaAs (001): Microstructure and magnetic property

Title
Epitaxial growth of Fe and MgO layers on GaAs (001): Microstructure and magnetic property
Authors
김경호김형준안재평이승철원성옥최준우장준연
Keywords
GaAs; MgO; Fe; Strain; Microstructure; Magnetics
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
Journal of applied physics
Citation
VOL 110, NO 11, 114910-1-114910-6
Abstract
Microstructure and the corresponding magnetic property of epitaxial MgO and subsequent Fe layers in situ grown on GaAs(001) substrates are investigated as a function of the epitaxial layer thicknesses. It is found that the MgO layers retain a 1.6 nm thick Mg-rich amorphous layer at the initial stage of the MgO growths regardless of its total thickness. Systematic x-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the MgO layers are under in-plane compressive strain which is partially relaxed as the total MgO thickness increases from 4 to 20 nm. The misfit strain within the MgO layers results in three-dimensional Fe islands forming at lower thickness with two different zone axis of [010] or [110]. Furthermore, the islands coalesce as the nominal thickness increases, resulting in serpentine-shaped Fe islands. Finally, it completely covers the underlying MgO layers, forming an epitaxial Fe layer at the nominal thickness higher than 10 nm. The three-dimensional Fe islands at the initial stage show superparamagnetism, which becomes ferromagnetic as the Fe forms a two-dimensional layer.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/41383
ISSN
0021-8979
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