Performance and microbial diversity of palm oil mill effluent microbial fuel cell

Performance and microbial diversity of palm oil mill effluent microbial fuel cell
Bor Chyan JongP.W.Y. LiewM. Lebai Juri김병홍A.Z. Mohd. DzomirK.W. LeoM.R. Awang
bioenergy; electrochemically active bacteria; microbial fuel cell; palm oil mill effluent; wastewater treatment
Issue Date
Letters in applied microbiology
VOL 53, NO 6, 660-667
Aim: To evaluate the bioenergy generation and the microbial community structure from palm oil mill effluent using microbial fuel cell. Methods and Results: Microbial fuel cells enriched with palm oil mill effluent (POME) were employed to harvest bioenergy from both artificial wastewater containing acetate and complex POME. The microbial fuel cell (MFC) showed maximum power density of 3004 mW m-2 after continuous feeding with artificial wastewater containing acetate substrate. Subsequent replacement of the acetate substrate with complex substrate of POME recorded maximum power density of 622 mW m-2. Based on 16S rDNA analyses, relatively higher abundance of Deltaproteobacteria (88ㆍ5%) was detected in the MFCs fed with acetate artificial wastewater as compared to POME. Meanwhile, members of Gammaproteobacteria, Epsilonproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria codominated the microbial consortium of the MFC fed with POME with 21, 20 and 18ㆍ5% abundances, respectively. Conclusions: Enriched electrochemically active bacteria originated from POME demonstrated potential to generate bioenergy from both acetate and complex POME substrates. Further improvements including the development of MFC systems that are able to utilize both fermentative and nonfermentative substrates in POME are needed to maximize the bioenergy generation. Significance and Impact of the Study: A better understanding of microbial structure is critical for bioenergy generation from POME using MFC. Data obtained in this study improve our understanding of microbial community structure in conversion of POME to electricity.
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