Microstructural analysis of oxide layer formation in ferritic stainless steel interconnects

Title
Microstructural analysis of oxide layer formation in ferritic stainless steel interconnects
Authors
김동익홍승희Phaniraj Madakashira한흥남안재평조영환
Keywords
microstructural analysis; oxide layer formation; ferritic stainless steel interconnects
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
Materials at High Temperatures
Citation
VOL 28, NO 4, 285-289
Abstract
The oxide layer formation of ferritic stainless steel (Crofer22APU) oxidized in an air furnace at 800 C was analysed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD). EBSD analysis revealed that crystallographic orientation affects the oxidation behaviour of Crofer22APU. On {110} grains, most oxide granules had the same orientation but on {111} grains, they had random orientation. TEM analysis revealed that the oxide layer consisted of spinel- chromia-spinel multi layered structure on the {110} matrix grain but no sub spinel oxide layer on the {111} matrix grain. On the {110} closed packed plane of matrix, the chromia oxide formation with the <110> direction of rhombohedral structure on the {001} closed packed plane parallels the <001> direction on the {110} plane of BCC matrix was observed, which is known as Pitsch-Schrader orientation relationship. On the {111} plane grain, there was no specific orientation relationship. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis in TEM showed that an Mn rich region was developed on the {110} grain beneath chromia oxide and the conversion of this region to (Cr,Mn)3O4 spinel oxide layer causes multi layered oxide structures on the {110} matrix grain.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/41416
ISSN
0960-3409
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KIST Publication > Article
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