Alteration of sediment organic matter in sediment microbial fuel cells

Title
Alteration of sediment organic matter in sediment microbial fuel cells
Authors
홍석원김한승정태학
Keywords
Microbial fuel cell; Electricity generation; Sediment organic matter; Anaerobic oxidation; Humification; *2009년도 기관고유 성과에 반영되었음.; *2009년도 개인평가에 반영되었음.
Issue Date
2010-01
Publisher
Environmental pollution
Citation
VOL 158, NO 1, 185-191
Abstract
The alteration of physico-chemical properties of sediment organic matter (SOM) incubated under current-harvesting conditions as well as no-current producing conditions over 120 days using sediment microbial fuel cell systems was examined. The SOM was microbially oxidized under anaerobic conditions with an electrode serving as a terminal electron acceptor. It was found that SOM around the electrochemically-active electrodes became more humified, aromatic, and polydispersed, and had a higher average molecular weight, along with its partial degradation and electricity generation compared to that for the original sediment. These changes in SOM properties were analogous to those commonly observed in the early stages of the SOM diagenetic process (i.e. humification). Such a humification-like process was evidently more stimulated when electrical current was produced than no-current condition. These new findings associated with microbially-catalyzed electricity generation may present a potential for the energy-efficient remediation, monitoring, and/or management of the geo-environment.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/41872
ISSN
0269-7491
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KIST Publication > Article
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