Functional Identification of Toxin-Antitoxin Molecules from Helicobacter pylori 26695 and Structural Elucidation of the Molecular Interactions

Title
Functional Identification of Toxin-Antitoxin Molecules from Helicobacter pylori 26695 and Structural Elucidation of the Molecular Interactions
Authors
Kyung-Doo HanAtsushi Matsuura안희철Ae-Ran KwonYu-Hong MinHyo-Ju ParkHyung-Sik WonSung-Jean ParkDo-Young KimBong-Jin Lee
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
The Journal of biological chemistry
Citation
VOL 286, NO 6, 4842 -4853
Abstract
Bacterial toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are associated with many important cellular processes including antibiotic resistance and microorganism virulence. Here, we identify and structurally characterize TA molecules from the gastric pathogen, Helicobacter pylori. The HP0894 protein had been previously suggested, through our structural genomics approach, to be a putative toxin molecule. In this study, the intrinsic RNase activity and the bacterial cell-growth arresting activity of HP0894 were established. The RNA-binding surface was identified at three residue clusters: (K8 and S9), (K50~K54 and E58), and (R80 and H84~F88). In particular, the -UA- and - CA- sequences in RNA were preferentially cleaved by HP0894, and residues K52, W53, and S85~K87 were observed to be the main contributors to sequence recognition. The action of HP0894 could be inhibited by the HP0895 protein and the HP0894-HP0895 complex formed an oligomer with a binding stoichiometry of 1:1. The N- and C-termini of HP0894 constituted the binding sites to HP0895. In contrast, the unstructured C-terminal region of HP0895 was responsible for binding to HP0894, and underwent a conformational change in the process. Finally, DNA-binding activity was observed for both HP0895 and the HP0894-0895 complex, but not for HP0894 alone. Taken together, it is concluded that the HP0894-HP0895 protein couple is a TA system in H. pylori, where HP0894 is a toxin with an RNase function, while HP0895 is an antitoxin functioning by binding to both the toxin and DNA.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/41975
ISSN
00219258
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