Identification and characterization of a truncated isoform of NELL2

Title
Identification and characterization of a truncated isoform of NELL2
Authors
Kim, Donggyu황은미Yoo, Jae Cheal김은주Park, NammiRhee, SangmyungHa, Chang ManHong, Seong-GeunPark, Jae-Yong
Keywords
NELL2; Truncated NELL2; Alternative splicing; Neurite outgrowth; Secretion
Issue Date
2010-01
Publisher
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Citation
VOL 391, NO 1, 529-534
Abstract
NELL2 is a neuron-specific secreted glycoprotein containing an N-terminal thrombospondin I-like domain (TSP-N). In this study, we describe NELL2-Tsp, a novel alternative splice variant of rat NELL2. NELL2-Tsp uses an alternate stop codon resulting in a C-terminal truncated form of NELL2, containing a signal peptide and a TSP-N domain. NELL2-Tsp is a glycosylated protein specifically expressed in brain tissue. NELL2-Tsp and NELL2 are secreted, likely due to the putative signal peptide. However, due to the truncation, the secreted portion of NELL2-Tsp is smaller than that of NELL2. Immunoprecipitation analysis confirmed that NELL2-Tsp was able to associate with NELL2 and with itself. In addition, expression of NELL2-Tsp notably reduced secretion of NELL2 and inhibited NELL2-mediated neurite outgrowth. These results suggest that NELL2-Tsp may act as a negative regulator of wild-type NELL2.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/42120
ISSN
0006291X
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