Construction and characterization of chimeric cellulases with enhanced catalytic activity towards insoluble cellulosic substrates
- Construction and characterization of chimeric cellulases with enhanced catalytic activity towards insoluble cellulosic substrates
- Telke, Amar A.; Ghatge, Sunil S; 강서희; Thangapandian, Sundarapandian; 이근우; 신현동; 엄영순; 김선원
- cellulase; cellulose; enzyme
- Issue Date
- Bioresource technology
- VOL 112, 10-17
- The chimeric proteins viz. CBM3–Cel9A, CBM4–Cel9A and CBM30–Cel9A, are constructed by fusion of family 3, 4, and 30 cellulose binding modules (CBMs) to N-terminus of family 9 endoglucanase (Cel9A) from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldrious. The chimeric enzymes were successfully expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The chimeric enzymes showed significant increase in Avicel (8–12 folds) and filter paper (7–10 folds) degradation activities compared to Cel9A endoglucanase. Computational protein modeling and simulation on the chimeric enzymes were applied to analyze the fused CBMs effect on the increased insoluble cellulosic substrates degradation activity. Thin layer chromatography analysis of the enzymatic hydrolysis products and distribution of reducing sugars between soluble and insoluble fractions indicated processive cleavage of insoluble cellulosic substrates by the chimeras. The fused CBMs played a critical accessory role for the Cel9A catalytic domain and changed its character to facilitate the processive cleavage of insoluble cellulosic substrates.
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