Preclinical metabolism of LB42908, a novel farnesyl transferase inhibitor, and its effects on the cytochrome P450 isozyme activities
- Preclinical metabolism of LB42908, a novel farnesyl transferase inhibitor, and its effects on the cytochrome P450 isozyme activities
- Minsun Chang; Sung-Hak Lee; 김호준; Jong-Sung Koh; Aeri Kim
- Farnesyl transferase inhibitor; Preclinical hepatic metabolism; Drug-drug interaction; Cytochrome P450
- Issue Date
- Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
- VOL 22, NO 9, 3067-3071
- Metabolism of LB42908, a novel farnesyl transferase inhibitor, was investigated for preclinical development. In vitro hepatic metabolism of LB42908 gave rise to at least 9 metabolites via phase I biotransformation pathways, which were characterized by HPLC-UV, LC-MS, and LC-MS/MS analyses. N-Dealkylation was shown to be a major phase I metabolic pathway. Species-specific in vitro metabolism of LB42908 was studied in liver fractions of rat, dog, monkey, and human. Order of metabolic stability is human ≈ dog > rat ≈ monkey in both S9 and microsomal fractions. Tissue-specific metabolism of LB42908 in various tissue homogenates of rats demonstrated that the liver was the major organ responsible for phase I metabolism of LB42908. The results from both qualitative and quantitative metabolism studies such as metabolic profiling and metabolic clearance indicated that dog would be the animal model of choice for preclinical toxicology studies. In addition, LB42908 was a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor in human liver microsomes and induced the activities of several CYP isozymes, implying that it has the potential for drug–drug interactions. Repeated dosing of LB42908 in rats did not significantly affect its own metabolism, indicating that long-term administration of LB42908 would not alter its pharmacokinetic profiles.
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