Effects of annealing atmosphere on the structural and electrical properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 thin films grown by RF magnetron sputtering

Title
Effects of annealing atmosphere on the structural and electrical properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 thin films grown by RF magnetron sputtering
Authors
김보연성태근서인태장민수남산강종윤윤석진
Keywords
Lead-free; NKN thin film; Piezoelectricity; Sputtering; Annealing
Issue Date
2012-04
Publisher
Acta materialia
Citation
VOL 60, NO 6-7, 3107-3112
Abstract
Amorphous (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 (NKN) thin films were grown at 300 °C and subsequently annealed at 800 °C under Na2O, K2O and NKN atmospheres. When the annealing time was less than 50 min, K6Nb10.88O30 and Na2Nb4O11 secondary phases were formed in all the films. Moreover, they were also found in films annealed at 750 °C for 180 min under NKN atmosphere, indicating that they were transient phases formed when the sintering time and temperature were not sufficient. For the film annealed for 50 min under Na2O atmosphere, an Na-excess (Na1−xKx)NbO3 (N1−xKxN) phase was formed, whereas a K-excess N1−xKxN phase was developed in the film annealed under K2O atmosphere. On the other hand, a homogeneous NKN phase was developed in the film annealed under NKN atmosphere and this was maintained after a long period (100 min) of annealing at 800 °C. A high leakage current density and a small dielectric constant (εr) were observed for films annealed under Na2O and K2O atmospheres due to the evaporation of K2O and Na2O, respectively. Moreover, they exhibited a small remnant polarization (Pr) and a small coercive electric field (Ec). On the other hand, the film annealed under NKN atmosphere exhibited a very low leakage current density of 2.6 × 10−9 A cm−2 at 0.2 MV cm−1 and had good ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of εr = 620, Pr = 11.7 μC cm−2, Ec = 133.8 kV cm−1 and d33 = 74 pm V−2 at 50 kV cm−1.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/42710
ISSN
13596454
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KIST Publication > Article
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