The roles of CeyZr1-yO2 in propane dehydrogenation: Enhancing catalytic stability and decreasing coke combustion temperature

Title
The roles of CeyZr1-yO2 in propane dehydrogenation: Enhancing catalytic stability and decreasing coke combustion temperature
Authors
Bao Khanh Vu신은우하정명김석기서동진김원일고형림최영교이승범
Keywords
Dehydrogenation; Ceria; Zirconia; Deactivation; Coke combustion
Issue Date
2012-11
Publisher
Applied catalysis A, General
Citation
VOL 443-444, 59-66
Abstract
The influence of CeyZr1&#8722;yO2 content (0 < y < 1) in Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts, where x was the weight percentage of (Ce + Zr) and calculated as [mass of (Ce + Zr)]×100/[mass of (Ce + Zr + Al2O3)], on stability and regeneration temperature in propane dehydrogenation was studied using a fixed-bed reactor at 600 ℃ and 1 bar of pressure. The XRD data revealed that CeyZr1&#8722;yO2 phases were formed over xCeZr-Al (x ≠ 0) supports and the concentration of Zr4+ ions in these phases increased when the CeyZr1&#8722;yO2 content was increased. The band of oxygen vacancies characterized by Raman spectra at ca. 620&#8211;645 cm&#8722;1 was strongly dependent on catalyst processing; introduction of metal (Pt, Sn) and/or re-calcination created more oxygen vacancies in the catalysts. The XRD patterns and XPS data of the reduced Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts did not indicate the formation of Pt-Sn alloys. The XPS and CO-IR spectra demonstrated that Pt became more electron deficient with increasing CeyZr1&#8722;yO2 content. The higher catalytic stability and lower coke combustion temperature (regeneration temperature) were obtained with a higher CeyZr1&#8722;yO2 content in Pt-Sn/xCeZr-Al catalysts.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43239
ISSN
0926860X
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