Synthesis and photovoltaic properties of low band gap quarterthiophenes-alt-diketopyrrolopyrroles polymers having high hole mobility

Title
Synthesis and photovoltaic properties of low band gap quarterthiophenes-alt-diketopyrrolopyrroles polymers having high hole mobility
Authors
손선경김봉수이춘영이중석조정호고민재이도권김홍곤최동훈김경곤
Keywords
Low band gap polymer; Polymer solar cell; Organic solar cell; High mobility
Issue Date
2012-09
Publisher
Solar energy materials and solar cells
Citation
VOL 104, 185-192
Abstract
Two low band gap copolymers (PQTDPP and PQTVTDPP) having quaterthiophene (QT) or bithiophene-vinylene-bithiophene (QTVT) as donor unit and diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) as acceptor unit have been synthesized via Stille cross-coupling polymerization. The polymers showed high thermal stability and broad light absorption with optical band gaps around 1.3 eV. Cyclic voltammetry measurements revealed that the HOMO and LUMO energy levels of QT and DPP copolymer (PQTDPP) were found to be −5.19 and −3.64 eV, respectively and those of PQTVTDPP −5.05 and −3.66 eV, respectively. X-ray diffraction patterns showed highly crystalline phase in the PQTDPP film and nearly amorphous in the PQTVTDPP film. This dramatic difference in crystallinity was attributed to the structural isomerization around vinyl groups in the PQTVTDPP polymer. Field-effect transistor measurement revealed that the PQTDPP showed high hole mobility of 0.06 cm2/Vs and on/off ratio of 106 while the PQTVTDPP showed hole mobility of 3.57×10−4 cm2/Vs and on/off ratio of 105, which is consistent with X-ray diffraction results. Photovoltaic devices were also fabricated using polymer:PCBM blends in the structure of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/blend/Al. The PQTDPP devices exhibited an open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.58 V, a short circuit current (Jsc) of 7.16 mA/cm2, a fill factor (FF) of 0.55 and a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 2.28%, and the PQTVTDPP devices exhibited an Voc of 0.50 V, a Jsc of 7.60 mA/cm2, a FF of 0.51 and a PCE of 1.97% under AM 1.5 illumination.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43411
ISSN
09270248
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KIST Publication > Article
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