Intra-octahedral proton transfer in bulk orthorhombic perovskite barium cerate
- Intra-octahedral proton transfer in bulk orthorhombic perovskite barium cerate
- 정용찬; 김대희; 김병국; 김영철
- Barium cerate; Proton transfer; Orthorhombic perovskite structure; Density functional theory
- Issue Date
- Solid state ionics
- VOL 226, 71-75
- Intra-octahedral proton transfer in bulk orthorhombic perovskite barium cerate was investigated in order to understand the proton transfer mechanism using density functional theory. Since Ce-centered octahedrons tilt in the orthorhombic perovskite structure to accommodate the tensile strain between Ba and O ions, the Ce-O-Ce unit is bent. A proton attached to an O ion can transfer intra-octahedrally to a neighboring O ion in the structure. An energy barrier of 1.06 eV is required as the bent Ce-O-Ce unit is straightened and bent in the opposite direction during proton transfer. When the bent Ce-O-Ce unit rotates without being straightened during proton transfer, a much lower energy barrier of 0.26 eV is required. The energy barrier for proton transfer by rotating the bent Ce-O-Ce unit increases to 0.45 eV, when the proton transfers near a Y ion that is substituted for a Zr ion as a dopant. Therefore, the proton transfers by rotating the bent Ce-O-Ce unit in bulk orthorhombic barium cerate, resulting in better agreement with experimentally measured energy barriers (0.5–0.54 eV).
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