Wear of UHMWPE against nitrogen-ion-implanted and NbN-coated Co-Cr-Mo alloy formed by plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition for artificial joints
- Wear of UHMWPE against nitrogen-ion-implanted and NbN-coated Co-Cr-Mo alloy formed by plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition for artificial joints
- 박원웅; 김은겸; 전준홍; 최진영; 문선우; 임상호; 한승희
- Plasma immersion ion implantation and
deposition (PIII&D); Artificial joints; Total hip replacement; Pin-on-disk wear test; Niobium nitride (NbN); Nitrogen ion implantation
- Issue Date
- Applied surface science
- VOL 258, NO 20, 8228-8233
- NbN thin film was deposited on the Co–Cr–Mo alloy by plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition (PIII&D) to reduce the volume wear rate of UHMWPE. In addition, nitrogen ions were implanted on the surface of the Co–Cr–Mo alloy prior to the NbN film deposition in order to increase the hardness of the substrate. XPS analysis revealed that nitrogen ions were implanted into the surface of the Co–Cr–Mo alloy, leading to the formation of CrN and Cr2N. The UHMWPE volume wear rate was measured using a pin-on-disk tribometer. The wear test result showed that the volume wear rate of UHMWPE against NbN-coated Co–Cr–Mo alloy declined by 20% as compared to that in the untreated Co–Cr–Mo alloy. In addition, the UHMWPE wear rate against the nitrogen-ion-implanted and NbN-coated Co–Cr–Mo alloy could be drastically reduced by up to 48%. It can be concluded that a combination of prior nitrogen ion implantation and NbN coating via PIII&D is a promising surface treatment tool for extending the lifetime of metal-on-polymer artificial joints.
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