Fabrication and characterization of porous non-woven carbon based highly sensitive gas sensors derived by magnesium oxide

Title
Fabrication and characterization of porous non-woven carbon based highly sensitive gas sensors derived by magnesium oxide
Authors
김예솔조세호이성호이영석
Keywords
Gas sensor; carbon fibers; Magnesium oxide; electrodes; Porous carbon; electrospinning
Issue Date
2012-10
Publisher
Carbon Letters
Citation
VOL 13, NO 4, 254-259
Abstract
Nanoporous non-woven carbon fibers for a gas sensor were prepared from a pitch/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) mixed solution through an electrospinning process and their gas-sensing properties were investigated. In order to create nanoscale pores, magnesium oxide (MgO) powders were added as a pore-forming agent during the mixing of these carbon precursors. The prepared nanoporous carbon fibers derived from the MgO pore-forming agent were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2-adsorption isotherms, and a gas-sensing analysis. The SEM images showed that the MgO powders affected the viscosity of the pitch/PAN solution, which led to the production of beaded fibers. The specific surface area of carbon fibers increased from 2.0 to 763.2 m2/g when using this method. The template method therefore improved the porous structure, which allows for more efficient gas adsorption. The sensing ability and the response time for the NO gas adsorption were improved by the increased surface area and micropore fraction. In conclusion, the carbon fibers with high micropore fractions created through the use of MgO as a pore-forming agent exhibited improved NO gas sensitivity.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43716
ISSN
19764251
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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