Water condensation behavior on the surface of a network of superhydrophobic carbon fibers with high-aspect-ratio nanostructures

Title
Water condensation behavior on the surface of a network of superhydrophobic carbon fibers with high-aspect-ratio nanostructures
Authors
고태준허은규신봉수김호영이광렬홍보기김세훈오규환문명운
Keywords
carbon fiber; nanostructuring; superhydrophobic; condensation
Issue Date
2012-11
Publisher
Carbon
Citation
VOL 50, NO 14, 5085-5092
Abstract
We have explored the condensation behavior of water on a superhydrophobic carbon fiber (CF) network with high-aspect-ratio hair-like nanostructures. Nanostructures ranging from nanopillars to hairy shapes were grown on CFs by preferential oxygen plasma etching. Superhydrophobic CF surfaces were achieved by application of a hydrophobic siloxanebased hydrocarbon coating, which increased the water contact angle from 147˚ to 163˚ and decreased the contact angle hysteresis from 71˚ to below 5˚, sufficient to cause droplet roll-off from the surface.Water droplet nucleation and growth on the superhydrophobic CF were significantly retarded due to the high-aspect-ratio nanostructures under supersaturated vapor conditions. CFs are observed to wet with condensation between fibers of the pristine surface under super-saturated vapor conditions, which eventually leads to flooding. However, dropwise condensation became dominant in the superhydrophobic CF network, allowing for easy removal of the condensed droplets, which largely allowed the interstitial spaces of the fiber network to remain dry. It is implied that superhydrophobic CF can provide a passage for vapor or gas flow in wet environments such as a gas diffusion layer requiring the effective water removal in the operation of proton exchange membrane fuel cell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43736
ISSN
00086223
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE