Pulsatile Poiseuille flows in microfluidic channels with back-and-forth mode

Title
Pulsatile Poiseuille flows in microfluidic channels with back-and-forth mode
Authors
김광석전명석
Keywords
pulsatile flow; microfluidics; Navier-Stokes equation; orthogonal collocation; adaptive integration
Issue Date
2012-06
Publisher
Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
Citation
VOL 24, NO 2, 89-95
Abstract
The numerical solver for the velocity field equation describing laminar pulsatile flows driven by a timedependent pressure drop in the straight microfluidic channel of square cross-section is developed. In the computational algorithm, an orthogonal collocation on finite element scheme for spatial discretizations is combined with an adaptive Runge-Kutta method for time integration. The algorithm with the 1,521 computational nodes and the accuracy up to O(10–5) is applied to the flow in the back-and-forth standing mode with the channel hydraulic diameter (Dh) in the range 10 – 500 μm and the oscillating frequency (f) of 1 to 100 Hz. As a result, a periodic steady state is defined as the flow condition where there would be no net movement after long time elapses. Following by the retardation phenomena in a cycle, reversal of the axial velocity is observed at the channel center. Major attention is focused on the influences of the size of channel cross-section and the oscillating frequency. Increasing Dh and f results in the decrease in the amplitude of mean velocity but the increase in the start-up time. Larger time delay occurs by low-frequency pulsation.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43756
ISSN
1226119X
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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