Activation of p53-p21 is closely associated with the acquisition of resistance to apoptosis caused by β1-integrin silencing in head and neck cancer cells
- Activation of p53-p21 is closely associated with the acquisition of resistance to apoptosis caused by β1-integrin silencing in head and neck cancer cells
- 김미라; 장효원; 남혜윤; 한명월; 문소영; 김효정; 이희진; 노종렬; 김승후; 김상윤
- β1-Integrin; p53; EMT; Head and neck cancer cell lines
- Issue Date
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications
- VOL 418, NO 2, 260-266
- The issue of whether aberrant expression of β1-integrin is associated with cancer progression and development of resistance to cytotoxic therapy is of considerable interest. Studies to date have shown that the anchorage-independent survival of cancer is attributed, in part, to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we have reported a novel alternative mechanism of anchorage-independent survival of cancer cells. Cell lines derived from head and neck cancer patients (AMC-HN-3 and AMC-HN-9) and the well-known EMT cancer cell line, MDA-MB231, were examined. The EMT features of AMC-HN-9 cells were comparable to those of MDA-MB231, whereas AMC-HN-3 cells showed no EMT characteristics. Although the pattern and degree of β1-integrin expression were similar in all three cell lines, sensitivities of the cells to β1-integrin knockdown with small interfering RNA (siRNA) were different. Cancer cells with no EMT features underwent cell death to a more significant extent following β1-integrin silencing than those with EMT. Intriguingly, we observed reactive activation of the p53–p21 pathway after β1-integrin silencing in AMC-HN-9 cells lacking an apparent cell death response. Simultaneous knockdown of wild-type p53 and β1-integrin in this cell line promoted cell death. Our data collectively indicate that β1-integrin-related cell death is closely associated with EMT phenotypes and activation of the p53–p21 pathway is partly involved in the acquisition of resistance to apoptosis induced by β1-integrin silencing. Further clarification of the mechanisms underlying p53 integration with β1-integrin signaling may facilitate the development of novel anti-cancer strategies.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.