Investigation of Elemental Composition for Cu(InGa)Se2 Thin Films by Various Analytical Techniques

Title
Investigation of Elemental Composition for Cu(InGa)Se2 Thin Films by Various Analytical Techniques
Authors
이지혜김선희윤정현원성옥이연희
Keywords
CIGS; ICP-OES; SIMS; solar cell; EPMA
Issue Date
2012-10
Publisher
AVS 59th International Symposium
Abstract
Cu(InGa)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells are very promising films for use in photovoltaic devices, as they feature a high absorption coefficient and a high conversion efficiency at a relatively low manufacturing cost. In order to develop an efficient CIGS solar cell, the relative ratio of the major elements should be determined quantitatively. In this study, a quantitative analysis of Cu(InGa)Se2 (CIGS) was performed using an electron probe micro analysis (EPMA), x-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), and dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (dynamic SIMS). Surface roughness was observed by using atomic force microscopy (AFM) to identify the effect of the surface roughness on the reproducibility of the measurements. The relative sensitivity factors (RSF) of AES and SIMS were obtained by using ungraded CIGS thin film of known composition as the standard sample. Quantitative analysis of several CIGS samples were performed using the relative sensitivity factor (RSF) value calculated from the depth profile results of the standard film. The Cu/(In+Ga) ratio and the Ga/(In+Ga) ratio of SIMS results are relatively reproducible and close to those of the AES results. Overall, results from Composition of CIGS thin films by a variety of analytical methods were compared and their discrepancies were interpreted.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43930
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KIST Publication > Conference Paper
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