Synthesis of Stimuli-Responsive PEO-Based Triblock Copolymers and Their Applications for Preparation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Title
Synthesis of Stimuli-Responsive PEO-Based Triblock Copolymers and Their Applications for Preparation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles
Authors
남주현최우석이재혁권난현강호중이재열김세훈김정안
Keywords
water-soluble triblock copolymers; RAFT radical copolymerization; PEO-based RAFT agent; phase transition behavior; iron oxide nanoparticles
Issue Date
2012-11
Publisher
Macromolecular research
Citation
VOL 20, NO 11, 1173-1180
Abstract
In this paper, the important and useful method for manufacturing superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles stabilized by water-soluble poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based triblock copolymers showing stimuli-responsive phase transition is introduced. Triblock copolymers, such as poly(ethylene oxide-b-N-vinylimidazole-b-3- (methacrylamino)phenylboronic acid) (PEO-b-PVIm-b-PMAPBA), poly(ethylene oxide-b-N-vinylpyrrolidone-b- 3-(methacrylamino)phenylboronic acid) (PEO-b-PVP-b-PMAPBA), and poly(ethylene oxide-b-N-vinylimidazoleb- maleic acid) (PEO-b-PVIm-b-PMAc), were synthesized using the sequential monomer addition method via reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) radical block copolymerizations of the corresponding monomers, using PEO-based RAFT agent. After complete polymerization of N-vinylimidazole or N-vinylpyrrolidone in dimethylformamide (DMF) at 110 ℃, 3-(methacrylamino)phenylboronic acid (MAPBA) was polymerized in DMF at 90 ℃ for 24 h, and N-phenylmaleimide was polymerized in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) at 110 ℃ for 28 h. All the block copolymers were water-soluble and efficient enough to stabilize the surface of nano-sized iron oxide particles in water. The nanoparticles were stable in neutral aqueous media for at least one month. The resulting products were characterized by a combination of 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), size exclusion chromatography, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction pattern, and phase transition behavior of the block copolymers using UV/visible spectrophotometer.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/43975
ISSN
15985032
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KIST Publication > Article
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